XJ4081 wrote:Just to be sure I was translating toe correctly:
If bolt #14 would affect caster, the lower section of the hub (attached to #14) would turn, causing the upper end of the hub to either move closer to the center of the car or away from it.
that is not castor, that is camber ,
there is Toe, as you surmise, camber and castor ,
Toe is also described as the ' thrust angle ' as when accelerating the physics of the thrust forward negates the Toe setting making the wheels actually run true , if set true when stationary then the thrust would make them Toe out at speed ,
castor is like on a shopping trolly ,,the wheel follows behind the vertical upright making it track straight by its self
camber allows for the contact patch of the tyre to stay in better contact with the road surface given a certain load on the suspension causing the the wheel to travel in a vertical arc under load
( remember the old Triumph herald, if you lifted the car, the rear wheels tucked under, resulting in extreme camber lol )
its an 'imperfect system ' for the DIY mechanic, as the manufacturers have calculated the best case scenario for the best running and wear to tyres and driving feel as a compromise, hence ' factory settings ' of the different angles for everything on different cars.